Egg donation is a procedure where a woman who is fertile will donate an egg, or Oocyte, to a woman to assist in her conception. It is an aspect of assisted reproduction technology also known as ART.
The process typically involves a doctor taking one or more eggs of the donor and fertilizing them inside a lab before transferring embryos that have been created into the uterus of the recipient. Doctors can do this by with an implantation method that includes the in vitro fertilization (IVF).
Sometimes, experts at the facility might be able to freeze a portion or all embryos to use later or for implanting in different women.
Egg donation is often beneficial to women who can’t utilize their own eggs for many reasons, including the failure of the ovarian cycle, which can cause abnormalities in the fetus that can be caused by congenital causes or in an advanced age.
A 2014 study published in Fertility and Sterility stated that 93 percent of Trusted source of the fertility clinics across the United States offer egg donation. This study also indicates that this procedure is able to result in a healthy birth 49.4-50 percentage of the times.
The article below will will look at the criteria used to select donors, the process itself, as well as the legal implications after an egg donation.
What can we be prepared for?
The fertility specialists will go through a thorough screening process to identify the most suitable donor. They will be careful to follow the legal processes.
Before beginning the procedure many donors need to get a medication that will stop their menstrual cycle.
The adverse effects of this medication may include:
The body is aching
The donor then takes the fertility medication that stimulate the ovaries and produce several eggs simultaneously. This is called hyperstimulation. The patients will be required to administer the medication by injecting it into their skin or in the muscle.
Women may experience minor negative side effects, including bleeding at the injection site or mood swings. Other symptoms include tender breasts. In rare instances women may experience severe Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS). It occurs when there are too many eggs that develop within the Ovaries. Women who experience OHSS might require hospitalization.
Donors are at possibility of having a baby prior to the retrieval of eggs and it’s recommended to avoid the practice of intercourse or to use an effective barrier contraceptive for example, condoms.
Throughout the process of donation, donors will go through frequent blood tests as well as ultrasound tests to check the reactions of the drugs.
In the process of extraction
Just prior to the removal of eggs donors will be given a last injection in anticipation of the process.
The doctor will conduct an aspiration of the ovary transvaginally to remove eggs of the donor’s Ovaries. They will place an ultrasound probe inside the vagina, and then use needles to take eggs out of each follicle.
The procedure takes approximately 30-minutes, the surgeon could give the donor painkillers as well as sedatives and an anesthetic.
Since it is a relatively minor procedure, the donor is not required to be in the hospital or in the clinic overnight.
Certain women require some time to recover from transvaginal aspiration. Some women return to their normal routine the following day.
Certain programs offer aftercare for donors, while some don’t. Because the process of egg donation may have a psychological effect certain women might consider working with a psychotherapist or counselor following the procedure.
The fertility specialists will go through a thorough screening process to identify an appropriate donor. They will take care to go through the legal processes.
Before starting the procedure many donors need to get a medication that will stop their menstrual cycle.
Some of the side effects of this medicine could include:
The donor is then given several fertility medications which stimulate the ovaries to produce multiple eggs at the same time. This is called hyperstimulation. Patients will have to administer the medication by injecting it into their skin or inside the muscle.
Women may experience minor negative side effects, including bruises at the site of injection as well as mood swings and tender breasts. In rare instances the woman could develop severe the ovarian hyperstimulation disorder (OHSS). It occurs when eggs are not enough within the Ovaries. Women who suffer from OHSS might require hospitalization.
Donors may be at possibility of having a baby prior to the time that eggs are removed It is therefore recommended to avoid the practice of intercourse or to use the barrier contraceptive, like condoms.
Throughout the process of donation the donor is subject to frequent blood tests as well as ultrasound tests to observe their reaction to the medication.
Screening of egg donors
A reputable program will provide a rigorous screening process that reduces the chance of congenital anomalies or other problems.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issues guidelines trusted Source to assist fertility clinics determine the legality of eggs donated by donors.
The screening process for a program could consist of any (or all) of these steps
interview over the phone, or in person
Drug tests for drug
ultrasound to look at the reproductive organs
Psychological and medical historyto find out the relatives and donors’ health history
Infectious disease screening
screening for an inherited disease
Screening for psychological issues
The process of donating eggs can be a difficult experience for both the donor and recipient.
Trustworthy egg donor programs provide an extensive psychological assessment of all participants.
The evaluation of the donor’s mental health is essential for the safety of any children and to make certain that the donor has made an informed decision prior to starting the process of donation.
The legal implications of egg donation
The legality of egg donation is different depending on the country. For instance, in the U.S., it is legal for women to give eggs anonymously or in a non-public manner. Also, it is legal for a woman to be compensated financially for giving eggs.
Egg donation clinics require participants to agree on a legal contract that guarantees they don’t have legal obligations or rights for any children that result from the procedure or embryos.
While the woman who gets the egg won’t be an ancestor to the child however, legal documents will identify her as the mother of the child.
Within the U.S., donors may be anonymous. They could also be aware of or meet the person who will receive the donation.
The majority of egg donation programs will make sure that the donor’s identity is kept secret. In other situations the recipients of eggs will be provided with specific information regarding the donor however they will not get to know each the other or even know each other’s names.
Some programs permit recipients and donors to meet one another if both are willing. In certain situations, the recipient might allow the donor to contact the child after they attain an age.
In other situations donors may have a relationship with recipients. This is the case when women ask someone in the family to give an egg. In these instances clinics recommend contacting directly to coordinate an examination, treatment and transfer process.
Charges as well as Donor payment
Children Via Egg Donation, a worldwide non-profit organization estimates the cost of fresh eggs donations in the U.S. at $35,000-$50,000 for an exclusive fresh cycle. This means that recipients are not sharing eggs with women who are part of the program.
The cost of an egg donor shared cycle starts at about $18,000.
Women can opt to buy frozen eggs obtained from the donor bank. This is typically priced between $16,000 and $20,000 in the U.S., with much cheaper rates in Europe.
Egg donors generally get paid in exchange for time spent and efforts. It is not contingent upon the result.
The amount of compensation varies greatly based on the donor program. In the Ethics Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine have found that paying women to giving eggs to a donor is morally acceptable.
They have also observed that the sums the donor will receive is vast and vary based on many factors which include the region.
Donating eggs can be a short procedure that has a very high percentage of success. It is the process of removing eggs from carefully selected donors. The cost of an egg donation ranges from $35,000 to $50,000.
An egg donor takes medications to stop their menstrual cycle as well as stimulate the ovaries.
The procedure is performed under anesthesia, sedation or by using painkillers. A donor may need to wait several days to heal.
The process of donating and implanting eggs may result in psychological and physical side negative effects, however, it’s generally safe and well-tolerated procedure.
The recipient might have no idea about the donor. Different facilities offer different levels of confidentiality for donors. Many donors are compensated financially in exchange for time or eggs.
This screening procedure is comprehensive, eliminating the possibility of congenital anomalies or genetic disorders. It will provide the legal implications to the person who donates and receives eggs.