What is a Programming Language and Different Popular Types?

What is a Programming Language and Different Popular Types

Read about programming languages and what are some popular types? This article is the ultimate guide of knowledge for those interested in learning programming languages.


In this article, we are going to provide you with information about some Programming languages. As day to day every Business or organization getting online here comes the role of programmers. The programming world is huge and continues its increasing popularity. There are various types of Programming languages and their reputed programmers. Let’s start by knowing its meaning and so on.

What is a Programming Language? 

Any of several languages for expressing a set of detailed instructions for a digital computer. Such kinds of instructions can be enforced directly when they are in the computer manufacturer certain numerical form understood as machine language, after a simple substitution method when expressed in a complementary assembly language, or after interpretation from a few “higher-level” language. Although there are many computer languages, rather very few are widely used. 

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 Types of Programming Languages:

Machine and Assembly Language

A Machine language includes the numerical codes for the operations that a specific computer can execute directly. The codes are strings of 0s and 1s, or binary digits know as (“bits”), which are frequently converted both from and to hexadecimal (base 16) for human viewing and improvement. It’s instructions typically use some bits to represent operations, such as addition, and some to represent operands, or maybe the location of the next instruction. Machine language is hard to examine and write as compared to another lang, since it does not approximate conventional mathematical description or human language, and its codes differ from every computer to computer.

Assembly language is one level above machine language. It utilizes short mnemonic codes for instructions and enables the programmer to introduce names for blocks of memory that carry data. Someone might easily write “add pay, total” instead of (011010110010100) for an instruction that adds two numbers. Assembly lang is been designed for effortlessly translated into machine language.

Functional Programming Lang

This is a programming paradigm in which we seek to compel everything in real mathematical functions style. Functional Programming Language is a declarative kind of programming style. Its main focus is on what’s for a solution in distinction to an imperative style where the main focus is “how to solve”. It uses expressions rather than statements. An expression is evaluated to produce a value whereas a statement is enforced to assign variables.

Object-Oriented Programming

It’s also known in short as (OOP). It is a high-level computer programming language that enforces objects and their correlated procedures within the programming context to create software programs. Java is an example of (OOP).

This language utilizes an object-oriented programming method that impels related data and functions into an object and facilitates the individual to reuse these objects within similar and other programs.

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C language 

The C programming language was evolved in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie and Brian Kernighan at the AT&T Corporation for programming computer operating systems(OS). Its capacity to structure data and programs through the configuration of minor units is comparable to that of ALGOL. It uses a small notation and provides the programmer with the ability to operate with the addresses of data as adequately as with their values.

C++ language

The C++ language has an object-oriented structure that is used in huge projects. Every Programmer can cooperate with one program into distinct parts or even one person work on each part of the program. The structure of object-oriented also allows code to be reused many times. This language is efficient. But, many programmers will differ. 

So far we have been using C language for easy console output only.  Most of us are unaware that using C++, a low-level Graphics Program can also be made. This means we can incorporate patterns, colours, shapes, and unique fonts in our program. It deals with the steps to enable the DevC++ compiler to generate graphics.

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Therefore, In this article, we discussed various types of programming languages. As most businesses are going Digital, it also brings the opportunity to the programmers to build their presence online. There are various types of programming langs, but relatively very few are being used. The programming world is huge, there is always something left to know. We hope that you found this article beneficial to you.

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