The feeling of tightness in the stomach of an individual is typically caused by problems with the digestive system or hormones. The feeling usually goes away by itself, however, it could also indicate an issue with underlying health.
This article will examine possible causes for tight stomachs, such as:
irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
It will also talk about the causes, treatment options as well as ways to avoid an upset stomach.
What’s the stomach that is tight?
The feeling of a tight stomach is different for each person. It can feel as if abdominal muscles are contracting , making pressure on the stomach.
The sensation could originate from abdominal muscles, stomach wall or the organs that surround the stomach.
The tightness can be an intermittent discomfort that is that is caused by hormones or diet. However, it may also be a sign of an underlying problem.
The causes and treatment
In the majority of cases the cause of a tight stomach is caused by physical reasons including digestive issues and hormonal fluctuations.
It could also result from chronic stress. Techniques to reduce stress like mindfulness can be beneficial in these instances.
The physical causes of an upset stomach may include:
If the stool isn’t moving through the colon swiftly enough, it may result in a tightness feeling within the abdomen. The usual range for the frequency of bowel movements for adults is 1 and 3 times per day, and between 2 and 3 times each week.
Other signs of constipation are:
less than 3 bowel movements per week
unusually lumpy, firm, or dry stool that is dry, lumpy, or firm
difficulties in getting the bowels empty
Constipation is often due to a poor diet. It can be alleviated by eating foods that are high in fiber as well as drinking lots of fluids.
Indigestion happens when stomach acid causes irritation to the lining of the stomach, or food pipe.
In excess, or eating too fast can cause stomach acid. Smoking, certain drugs stress, alcohol, and certain medications can trigger the condition.
Indigestion can result in tightness in the stomach, along with:
an unpleasant flavor in your mouth
In most cases, it is not treated However, remedies at home can aid, such as:
Avoiding alcohol and caffeine
Beware of rich, fatty or spicy food items
supporting the head and shoulders up while lying down
Food poisoning can occur after eating food that is contaminated. It may cause an uncomfortable feeling in the stomach, and may cause other symptoms, including:
Cramps or abdominal pain
Loss of appetite
In the majority of instances, food poisoning can be controlled at home by taking a break or eating bland, dry fooditems, and drinking plenty of water. If food poisoning becomes severe it is recommended that the person consult an expert.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
Irritable bowel syndrome is a persistent disorder that affects your digestive tract. Alongside the tight stomach IBS manifestations can be:
IBS is generally treated by medications and lifestyle modifications which include diet adjustments.
Hiatus hernia, also known as a hiatal herni occurs when stomach expands into chest. A tightness in the upper region of the stomach could be present along with other symptoms, like:
difficulties in swallowing
Hiatal hernias do not generally require treatment. It is treatable through diet changes and medications like antiacids. In the case of severe instances, surgery could be an alternative.
Gastritis is a frequent disorder that manifests when there is inflamation of the stomach the lining. This may cause tension in the upper part of the stomach.
Other signs of gastritis may include:
nausea and vomiting
feeling unusually full after eating
Gastritis can be treated with medication that include antacids, histamine blockers and proton-pump inhibitors.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
Premenstrual syndrome is usually experienced between 2 weeks of the menstrual cycle. PMS can trigger an abdominal cramp and other symptoms, including:
The muscles are aching
The symptoms of PMS can be controlled by:
eating smaller regular meals, regularly scheduled meals to lessen weight gain
Eliminating salt to prevent the risk of bloating
eating vegetables, fruits and fiber-rich food items
The feeling of abdominal tightness during the beginning stage of the pregnancy. This is due to the uterus or womb stretching.
Women should seek medical attention if extreme pain is also present, especially within those first twenty weeks because this could be an indication of a miscarriage.
In the third or second trimester the stomach can tighten up caused by labor contractions , or Braxton-Hicks contractions. Both kinds of cramps become more frequent during the third trimester however.
Braxton-Hicks contractions may cause discomfort however they are expected to disappear. If the contractions don’t go away and become more frequent they could be an indication that labor is starting.
Altering the position of sitting or lying or performing gentle exercises, like walking or stretching can ease stomach tightness during pregnancy.
The most effective methods to prevent the tight stomach can differ according to the reason.
In certain situations it is not feasible to avoid an upset stomach, for instance when pregnant or if you suffer from food poisoning.
In other situations there are other instances where the likelihood of developing indications of an abdominal tightness could be reduced by:
eating a balanced, healthy, and balanced diet
When should I consult a physician
In the majority of cases tight stomachs do not need medical treatment. However, it may be a sign of an underlying issue.
If the feeling is causing significant discomfort and lasts longer than several days, one must seek medical assistance to identify the root of the problem and learn how to control the sensation.
Urgent medical attention is required if these symptoms manifest alongside stomach tightness:
severe nausea and vomiting
intense abdominal discomfort
There are a variety of reasons the stomach of a person may be tight. It’s usually due to hormonal or digestive issues. The tight stomach can be accompanied by additional symptoms which can be severe or mild, dependent on the reason.
In the majority of instances, a stomach that is tight isn’t a cause of worry. However, if the symptoms persist for more than a few days or are extremely severe or persistent, medical treatment may be needed.