1 in 7 men is infertile, which means that they cannot conceive a child, even though they have frequent sexual relationships without protection for a year or more. The main sign of male infertility is the inability to have a child; there are no other obvious signs or symptoms.
However, in some cases, an underlying problem, such as a hereditary disease, hormonal imbalance, enlarged veins around the testicles, or a condition that is blocking the passage of sperm, causes signs and symptoms which may include:
- Problems with sexual function such as ED
- Difficulty ejaculating
- Desire or difficulty maintaining an erection which can be treated with drugs like Vidalista 20 or Malegra 100 mg.
- Pain, swelling, or a lump in the testicles
- Recurrent respiratory infections Inability to smell
- Abnormal growth of the breasts
- Reduced facial or body hair or other signs of a chromosomal or hormone abnormality
- A below-average sperm count (less than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen or a total sperm count less than 39 million per ejaculation)
When to see a doctor?
See a doctor if you have been unable to conceive a child after a year of regular, unprotected intercourse or sooner if you have any of the following:
- Erectile or ejaculation problems, low sex drive, or other problems with sexual function.
- Pain, discomfort, lump, or swelling in the testicle area.
- A history of sexual problems, prostate or testicular problems
- Penis, testicle, or scrotum surgery
- Partner over the age of 35
Male fertility is a complex process. To get your partner pregnant, the following requirements must be met:
- You must produce healthy sperm. First of all, it is about the growth and formation of the male reproductive organs during puberty. At least one of your testicles needs to be working properly. , and your body needs to produce testosterone and other hormones to trigger and keep sperm production going.
- Sperm must be transported in the semen. Once sperm are produced in the testicles, delicate tubes carry them until they mix with the semen. And they are ejaculated from the penis.
- There must be enough sperm in the semen. When the number of sperm in your sperm (sperm count) is low, you reduce the chance that one of your sperm will fertilize your partner’s egg.
- Sperm must be functional and mobile. If the movement (motility) or function of your sperm is abnormal, the sperm may not be able to reach or penetrate your partner’s egg.
Medical Problems and Treatments:
- Varicocele: A varicocele is inflammation of the veins that empty the testicles. It is the leading reversible cause of male infertility. Although the exact reason varicoceles cause infertility is unknown, it may be related to abnormal blood flow. It can reduce sperm quantity and quality.
- Infections: Some infections can affect sperm production or health, or cause scars that block sperm passage, such as infections can lead to permanent testicular damage and most of the time sperm can be obtained.
- Problems with ejaculation: Retrograde ejaculation occurs when semen enters the bladder instead of exiting the tip of the penis during orgasm. Various health conditions can cause retrograde ejaculation, such as diabetes, spinal cord injuries, medications (Tadarise, Vilitra, Filagra), and bladder, prostate, or urethral surgery.
- Antibodies that attack sperm: Anti-sperm antibodies are cells of the immune system that mistakenly identify sperm as harmful invaders and try to eliminate them.
- Tumors: cancerous and non-malignant tumors, can affect the male reproductive system directly through glands that release reproductive hormones, such as the pituitary gland In some cases, surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy to treat tumors may affect male fertility.
- Hormonal imbalances: Infertility can be caused by a disorder of the testes themselves or by an abnormality in other endocrine systems, including the hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, and adrenal glands. Low testosterone levels (male hypogonadism) and other hormonal issues can have several possible underlying causes.
- Defects in tubules that carry sperm: Many different tubes carry sperm. They can be blocked by a variety of causes, including accidental injury from surgery, previous infections, trauma, or abnormal development such as cystic fibrosis or similar hereditary conditions.
- Blockages can occur at any level, also inside the testicle, in the ducts that empty the testicle, in the epididymis, in the spermatic duct, near the spermatic duct, or in the urethra.
- Chromosomal defects: Hereditary diseases like Klinefelter syndrome, in which a man is born with two X chromosomes and one Y chromosome (instead of one X and one Y chromosome), cause abnormal development of the male reproductive system. Other genetic syndromes related to infertility include cystic fibrosis and Kallmann syndrome (hypospadias) or psychological or relationship problems that interfere with sex.
- Celiac disease: Celiac disease is a digestive disorder caused by sensitivity to a protein found in wheat called gluten. The condition can contribute to male infertility. Fertility can improve after a gluten-free diet.
- Certain medications: Testosterone replacement therapy, long-term use of anabolic steroids, cancer drugs (chemotherapy), some ulcer drugs, some arthritis drugs, and other drugs can affect sperm production and decrease male fertility. Including vasectomy, scrotal or testicular surgery, prostate surgery, and major abdominal surgery performed for testicular and rectal cancer, among others.
Health, Lifestyle, and Other Causes
Some other causes of male infertility include:
Drug use: Anabolic steroids taken to stimulate muscle strength and growth can cause the testicles to shrink and sperm production to decrease. The use of cocaine or marijuana may temporarily reduce the number and quality of your sperm as well. Sometimes use of too many erectile dysfunction drugs such as Malegra, Fildena 25 mg and Cenforce 150 can also lead to infertility by causing permanent ED.
Alcohol use: Drinking alcohol can lower testosterone levels, cause erectile dysfunction and decrease sperm production. Liver disease caused by excessive drinking also may lead to fertility problems.
Tobacco smoking: Men who smoke may have a lower sperm count than those who don’t smoke.
Have certain medical conditions, including tumors and chronic diseases, such as the deactivation of sickle cells, certain medications or medical treatments, such as surgery or radiation used to treat complications of male infertility.