The Role of a Periosteal Elevator in Dental practice

Dental practises have evolved throughout in-field research and advances in surgical instruments. From pulling seemingly plague-ridden teeth with iron forceps to the use of atraumatic tools such as anglevators; the trade has come a long way. A periosteal elevator is a testament to the evolution of treatment techniques both in the operating room and surgical research protocols.

Importance of Surgical Instruments

The human mouth is a complex system of nerves, tissue, and bone. A slight miscalculation during operations can cause serious damage to the system which may lead to tooth removals, infection, and other consequences.

Improvements in surgical instruments have reduced these consequences extensively. Dental instruments are now precision tools that are useful in administering treatments and preventing slip-ups and unintentional incisions. Dental experts like the family dentist in Clackamas see to it that they have the most updated tools to help you.

A dental periosteal Elevatorhelps lift skin flaps in the oral cavity when exposing surgical sites. This is a variation of the elevation instrument used across surgeries. This tool is an atraumatic precision instrument that prevents the need for invasive procedures, longer healing times, and excessive trauma to the surrounding tissue.

Functions and Types

This surgical instrument is a luxation tool. A surgeon uses this instrument for flap elevation and tissue reflection. This atraumatic apparatus does not slip easily because of its serrated design. This further prevents slip-ups and minimizes any necessary pressure on the dental pocket.

There are several variations of this instrument available for use on different quadrants of the mouth. However, the basic features of periosteal elevator surgical instrumentsare thin sharp, or blunt tips, attached on both ends by an elongated metal shank with serrations.

The function of this tool is to reflect tissue by dissection. Each variation of the design in question performs similar functions across the oral cavity. A surgeon uses the tip of the tool to dissect the periosteum to expose the area they are operating.

Using the elevator, the surgeon will carefully lift thick flaps of skin after a targeted incision. Next, the operator incises the fractured or impacted bone to remove the tooth from its socket or inserts a screw to build a foundation for prosthetic surgery.

Types of the surgical periosteal Elevator

 Akin to oral surgical tools, this instrument has multiple variations to help the dentist work on each quadrant of the mouth. This elevator has one or more working ends. To penetrate the ligament that joins the periosteum to the bone a dentist chooses between sharp, angled, blunt, or flat working ends.

 Frequently used variations of this tool are:

Modified Woodson

This type of elevator is useful in extraction procedures. The modified tip patterns are sharp, thin, and precise working ends to penetrate minimal space between teeth and tissue. Both ends are attached by a metal shank that has perfectly placed serrations for enhanced engagement and a stable grip.

Freer Elevator

This dental periosteal Elevator has angled working ends for incision and penetration into the dental socket. The angles are attached in opposing directions which is useful when the surgeon needs to manipulate the mesial or the interproximal region of the tooth. This variation has a few more orientations that prove functional in different surgeries. A Freer variation has a fully serrated shank to enhance grip and stability during procedures. The dentist uses this tool to lift the periosteum layer from the bones.

Seldin 23

The working ends of this elevator are sharp and rounded to retract bony flaps in the oral region. The shank between the two working ends is also flattened to work on the lower ends of the jaw. The defining feature of this apparatus is the sharp chisel ends that a surgeon uses to perform multiple functions at the same time.


The Kramer has two working ends that look like scoops. This is useful in lifting and detaching soft tissue in the human mouth. This design is further available in several configurations.

Corresponding instruments in oral procedures

A dental expert is likely to use several instruments to ensure successful treatment. One such tool is the anglevator.  A revolutionary surgical apparatus, it functions as a multi-purpose tool during dental procedures. It is used as a chisel, a luxator, an extraction tool, and more.

It is useful during elevation surgeries where a surgeon holds skin flaps in place and operates on the impacted tooth with an Anglevator. There are several design and size variations available in this surgical apparatus to assist with procedures in the upper and lower regions of the mouth.

Purchasing a premium grade instruments

A high-quality, medical-grade tool acts as an extension of the surgeon’s hand granting them enhanced control over the treatment. As such, GerdentUSA Inc. takes all necessary measures to incorporate industry best practises into its manufacturing methods. Whether it is a periosteal elevator you need to order or any other surgical tool, place an order today!

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