While drafting an academic or professional paper, you often need to write an abstract. Read guide about “Write an Abstract In APA Format”
APA format is the official style of the American Psychological Association. If you are drafting an article or thesis in psychology or other social sciences, you are supposed to use this format. While drafting an academic or professional paper, you often need to write an abstract. But before you write an abstract in APA format, here are a few things you need to know.
The APA Guidelines for an Abstract
If it is a professional paper, you need to add the running head aligned to the left at the top with the page number. Academic papers do not need a running head.
Place the heading “Abstract” in bold at the center of the first line.
Do not indent the abstract paragraph that follows the heading.
Keep the text in double-space.
Keep the font Times New Roman in12 p.
Set the margins of one inch (or 2.54 cm) on all sides.
In case you include a section for keywords at the end of the abstract, indent the first line and keep the word “Keywords” in italics. Leave the keywords themselves without any formatting.
How Should the Structure of the Abstract Be?
Even though the abstract is written as a single paragraph, you can segment the structure of the abstract in the following manner:
i. The Rationale:
There should be one or two sentences describing the study’s purpose and the research problems you have investigated.
ii. The Method:
Add one or two sentences outlining the method to explain what was done and how. You need to mention the data regarding the participants.
iii. The Results:
There should be one or two more sentences highlighting the main findings or trends found as a result of your analysis.
iv. The Conclusion:
End the abstract with a summary of the implications of the results. It should explain to the readers what the results mean.
Tips for Writing an APA Abstract
Experts suggest that you should write your paper first. Even though the abstract will be presented at the beginning of the paper, writing it at the end is a wise thing to do. Here are some other tips:
· Know the instructed word count:
An abstract should be between 150 and 250 words. However, the word count may vary from one article to another. It is better to clarify the requirements of the professor or instructor.
· Structure of the abstract:
The abstract should be structured in the same order as your paper. Briefly write the introduction, method, results, and discussion.
· Take inspiration from professional journals:
Check out a few journals to see how to summarise the paper. Notice the main points that the author mentions in the abstract.
· Write a rough draft of the abstract:
It is a good idea to prepare a rough draft of the abstract and then improve it. Make sure the summary is not too short. Use one or two sentences for summarising each section of the paper.
· Ask someone to read the abstract:
Ask a friend, roommate, or family member to look at the abstract and provide feedback on the work. They can provide a different perspective.
Lastly, to ensure the abstract is formatted properly in APA style, consider consulting the APA manual.
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