If you’re looking for a way to lift heavy things, one option is a gantry crane. The crane has played a crucial role in handling heavy loads and has become indispensable for many industrial facilities. It provides an economical way to lift heavy objects anywhere in the facility. You can use the gantry crane in outdoor operations, although you can also use them below and overhead bridge.
Did you know you can build a mobile gantry crane and use it to lift things around your garage? A mobile lifting gantry crane is built at the top of a gantry and mounted on trucks or crawlers to travel from place to place. Suppose you are interested in making your crane. This article discusses the steps involved in making a mobile gantry crane that can serve any purpose. You can build the crane using a combination of several components.
Have a design
There are different designs for making a gantry crane. Your design decision should revolve around the intended use, load, mobility, available space, and lift height. It should also depend on the type of gantry crane you want to make. For example, you can find fixed height and adjustable height cranes, single or double girders, and wheel-mounted or rail-mounted cranes. Each type has its advantages and disadvantages in maintenance, load capacity, ease of use, and safety precautions.
Gather the raw materials
Depending on how you source your materials, you can design a different structure. For example, you can design an A-frame type overhead with a single beam. You can also make an aluminum gantry crane that is versatile and can work in places that are hard to reach. Another option is a folding gantry crane or a movable gantry crane.
Each model has an outstanding design and provides an ideal mix of simplicity, portability, and load-bearing capabilities. You can also easily disassemble them for easy transport and rebuild them in less than five minutes.
Assemble the crane
Once you have the materials in place, start assembling the crane. Sometimes you need to do rough pencil sketches before committing to assemble their structure. Making the schedule allows you to find problems and solve them early enough. After getting close to your final design on paper,
A gantry crane comprises two main parts; a hoisting mechanism and a carriage that moves horizontally along a horizontal beam called a girder. You can find a re-used commercially manufactured structure from a store and use it as the foundation.
The chassis is the skeleton of the crane as it holds all the systems together. It comprises a girder, two pillars, ten knees, and four wheel-mounted joint bases. The girder is a steel beam connected to two crane pillars supported by ten knees. You will use drills and other precision machines to shape the steel as required.
The mechanism is powered using electrical motors assigned to the hoisting load that drives the carriage. When using it, you don’t need to connect the gantry crane to the building support structure as you do with a bridge crane. Hence, you don’t need support columns and permanent runway beams when making it. The free-standing legs with lockable castors allow moving the crane into position.
Once you’ve completed making the crane, you must test it without weight to ensure all components operate properly. You then test the crane with a weight to ensure the crane can lift heavy objects without losing stability. Use the crane to lift small items of about 100 lbs and monitor its performance. Since cranes can be dangerous equipment, follow basic crane hazard prevention measures during quality control to ensure safety,
Safety is an essential factor when making a gantry crane. Ensure the material you use has no structural flaws that could weaken the crane, look at the bolt joints and inspect the welds. Part of the safety measures is to examine the motor and lifting apparatus of the structure monthly. Also, monitor any changes in the environment to avoid accidents. For example, you cannot use the crane during windy conditions.
Specific regulations from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration limit the weight that a particular crane can lift. This means you cannot use the crane to lift a weight heavier than the allowed limit.
Cranes are primarily used in construction areas, steel factories, warehouses, or other applications for material handling. However, you can create a mobile gantry crane to use in your garage. This article has discussed the steps needed when making a mobile gantry crane. We highlighted the things necessary to build this structure and use them ideally. Crane manufacturers are constantly seeking new ways to incorporate technology into their products. Therefore, you are more likely to find cranes with more improved safety and versatility in the future.