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A Beginners Guide to Fire Sprinkler Systems – Amir Articles

According to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), more than 85% of the USA’s fire deaths occur in homes. Read Guide to Fire Sprinkler Systems is very important for everyone.


According to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), more than 85% of the USA’s fire deaths occur in homes. Keeping up with the fire sprinklers system in your home is an integral part of protecting your home against fire hazards. 

Your residential or commercial system’s fire protection system should be in the best shape at all times of the year. National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) model codes and the International Residential Code (IRC) mandate fire sprinklers in all new one- and two-family homes.  

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Fire sprinklers save lives and properties. They are highly effective because they react so quickly and help prevent the spreading of fire. This is a brief beginner’s guide to residential fire sprinklers.

What Is A Fire Sprinkler?

The fire sprinkler system consists of a water supply, a water distribution system, and sprinkler heads. It is either installed in ceilings or sidewalls. When a fire is detected, it automatically discharges water to extinguish the fire, although it is not triggered by smoke. Thus, a fire sprinkler system is both fire detection and a fire suppression system.

Three Main Types of Fire Sprinklers

Fire sprinklers have been around since the 19th century, but they are getting more efficient as technology advances. A typical system involves water being held under pressure in a network of pipes running through a home, but three main types are discussed below.

Dry Pipe

Dry pipe sprinkler systems do not have water stored in the pipes. Nitrogen gas or pressurized gas is filled in the pipes connected to the main water storage tank. When the system detects a fire, the gas or air leaks out, and water rushed into the pipes to extinguish the fire. 

They are perfect for regions that are cold for most of the year. There are few chances of pipe bursts as water is stored in the tank instead of pipes.

Wet Pipe

As the name indicated, wet pipes fire sprinkler system, cold water is stored under pressure in the distribution pipes. These are the most commonly installed sprinklers in the residential setting because of their short activation times.  


Deluge sprinklers are commonly installed in industry settings where the sudden excessive flow of water is required.

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SMART (Simultaneous Monitoring, Assessment, and Response Technology) sprinklers are a promising technology for the future. They use more than one type of detection technology and are believed to be much more effective. 

Understanding the Different Types of Sprinkler Heads

The sprinkler head is the component of a fire protection system you generally see in the walls and ceilings. It comes in assorted designs, but each has a trigger mechanism that discharges water on fire detection.

The conventional sprinkler heads are attached to the ceilings. Only the sprinkler closest to the fire will be activated. They are generally recessed in the ceiling or are covered with resin caps.

Pendant spray sprinklers aim directly downwards and are more suited to buildings with high ceilings whereas sidewall sprinklers are mounted on walls. 

Hire professional sprinkler services to know which system is perfect for your residential building. The professionals can also help you with repairs and installations.

Typical Costs of Fire Sprinkler Installation

The average expense to install sprinkler systems in new residential properties is about $1.35 per square foot as the average construction cost of a single-family home in the US was $150 per square foot in 2020, that equals paying a little more than 1% of a home’s value for 24/7 fire protection. When you divide the expense over a 30-year mortgage, it’s not more than the price of a cup of coffee per week.

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